CLX. He beareth Sable, a Turners Chopping Block, Or. born by the name of Chopping. this Block is made of Elme tree, or some other Soft wood set on three feet. Some Turners use in stead of it a peece of a trunk of a tree of a foot and halfe high or more from the flore.
CLXI. In this Square are two Instruments usefull also for Turners, for their cuting and cleaving of wood to what thickness they have occasion to worke it.
The first is that in the Chief, which they terme a Cleaveing Knife, it needs no further description then the figure; being a kind of Cleaver, with a strong and thick back, able to abide blowes of the Maule: haveing an Handle of the same mettle.
S. 3 such in pale A. is born by Cleft, or Cleave.
G. 3 such erect A. born by Peysingberg.
In the Base is the other called a Maul, being no other but a thick peece of wood, with an Handle to make it the more handy and quick to use; which is to knock & unknock the Wedges of the Puppets. Also to beat on the Cleaveing Knife, when they split their wood for their worke. Use hath made it more ready then a Mallet.
B. 3 such O. is born by the name of Maule.
V. a Cheveron betw: 3 such Handles erected O. is born by Van Maulselsheim of Bavaria.
CLXII. In such a small Lathe as this Figure expresseth, they use to work small work in Metal; it is made either of Iron or Brass; and is by Work-men termed a Turn-Bench, or rather a Vice Lathe, because when it is used, it is Screwed into the Chaps of a Vice, and having fitted the Work upon a small Iron Axis with a Drill Barrel fitted upon a square shank; with a Drill Bow and String carry it about with the Drill Bow in the left hand, and the Tool in the right hand: The Tools for these small Works are commonly a Graver, and sometimes a Scalper, both pointed, round, and flat; also great and small.
The parts of a Turn-Bench, or Vice Lathe.
- The Axis.
- The Drill Barrel, fitted on its square Shank.
- The Drill Bow and String.
- The Wrest, with its Screw.
- The Puppets.
- The Screws with their Pikes.
- The long Bar, on which the Puppets are fastned by the Screws, or else are to slip further or nearer together, according as the work requireth.
— From Randle Holme’s “The Academy of Armory, or, A Storehouse of Armory and Blazon” Book III, Chapter VIII, Plate 2. Why am I reading this?