CXLV. The first is the Hammer, whose chief use is for the driving Nails into work, and drawing Nails out of work. Of the several parts of the Hammer, see chap. 7. numb. 128.
The second is a Carpenters Chissel, or a socket Chissel, as most Chissels used by Carpenters are, because of strength; this is to have a Wooden Head put into it, which some call the part as goes into the socket the Sprig; of these Socket Chissels they use several sorts, yet not severally distinguished by names more than to call them an half inch, three quarter inch Chissels; inch, and inch and half, two inch, to three inch Chissels.
The third is termed a Jack; it is an Engine used for the removing, and commodious placing of great Timber: By the help of this, the side of a Timber House shrunk from its Mortesses are raised up again to their places. It is a Wooden Case with a large Mortess in it, wherein is placed a Rack, which mounteth up any thing placed upon it, by the help of a Nut Wheel on a Spindle, and turned about with a Windlasse.
— From Randle Holme’s “The Academy of Armory, or, A Storehouse of Armory and Blazon” Book III, Chapter VIII, Plate 2. Why am I reading this?