CXXXIV. In this quarter is set three other Instruments necessary in Joyners Work. The first is a Joyners square of another form than what is mentioned chap. 9. numb. 15. It is made of two adjunct sides of a Geometrical square; that is two pieces of Wood, the one about an Inch thick, the other a quarter of an Inch, the one is fastned into the other with a Mortess with Glew and Wooden Pins, so as the two out-sides and the two inner sides stand at Right Angles one with another.
B. a Cheveron between 3 such O. is born by Richten.
The second in the Sinister chief, is called the Joyners Bench Hook, or the Work-Bench Hook, which is an Iron with a long Tang to go through a hole in the Bench, and a flat half round head, with Teeth on the streight side, to hold any thing that should be be set against it: So that in it there is the foresaid parts, Viz. the Tang or tail, the Head or flat, and the Teeth, and all but one Bench Hook.
The third thing that is placed in the Base, is termed a Smoothing Plain, one of a contrary fashion to that following in chap 9. numb. 21. this having a more flatter bottom and turned down in the ends, each Workman using his own fancy in the fashion of the Stocks.
— From Randle Holme’s “The Academy of Armory, or, A Storehouse of Armory and Blazon” Book III, Chapter VIII, Plate 2.