Category Archives: The Academy of Armory

The 17th-century World of Sitting

From Randle Holme III’s “Academy of Armory,” which he began in 1649. As republished in “Living and Working in Seventeenth Century England” Throne He beareth a Throne, a chair Royall, or a Cathedre (from it Latine terme), adorned with a … Continue reading

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Terms of Art used by Joyners

XXXIX. He beareth Or, a Joyner seated astride a piece of Timber with a Mallet in his right hand lifted up, and a Chissel in his left, making a Mortice all proper. Terms of Art used by Joyners in their … Continue reading

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Hook-pin, Hold-fast and the Whip Saw

XXVI. He beareth Sable, a Cording Augre, (or Auger) and Pin, Or. These are Instruments of Wood, whose use is only for the Cording of Beds, to strain the Ropes streight, for Matts and Beds to ly upon. The Carpenter … Continue reading

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Mortess Chissel, Brace & Bitt

XXII. He beareth Argent, a Mortess Chissel, Azure, the Helve, Or. By the name of Chizell. This is a Chissel broad in the sides and thick in the face part, so consequently stronger than other Chissels, that it may abide … Continue reading

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Round Smoothing Plain and Taper Bit

XX. In this quarter is first the round Smoothing Plain, whose Sole is not streight but convex. The second is the Rabbet Plain, which hath the sides of the Iron not inclosed in the Stock as the foregoing Plains, but … Continue reading

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Joynter Plain and Fore Plain

XIX. He beareth in this quarter two sorts of Joyners Plains; that in the chief is termed a Joynter, it is the largest sort of Plains by them used, it is perfectly streight from end to end; its office is … Continue reading

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Rule, Squares and Gages

XIII. He beareth Gules, a Joyners Rule, or a two Foot Rule, Or; and a Carpenters Square, Argent. The Rule is equally divided into two foot, which is againe subdivided into 24 Inches, these also brought into halfe and quarters … Continue reading

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